Sights

Jewish sights relate to Jewish communities and its institutions. They differ by services, provide and may differ by their religious, cultural, educational, social, artistic purpose. There are sights and institutions that deal with Jewish celebrations/simchas. Another category refers to the places for burial and mourning.

Most often Jewish community establishes the following institutions:

  • Synagogues
  • Quaters
  • Cemeteries
  • Museums
  • Holocaust memorials
  • Community buildings - Old age home, Mikvah, Hebrew schools, offices, hospitals, the rabbi's house

Synagogue

Also spelled synagog (from Greek: συναγωγή transliterated synagogē, meaning "assembly"; בית כנסת beyt knesset, meaning "house of assembly"; בית תפילה beyt t'fila, meaning "house of prayer"; שול shul; אסנוגה esnoga; קהל kal) is a Jewish house of prayer. When broken down, the word could also mean "learning together" (from the Greek συν syn, together, and αγωγή agogé, learning or training.

Synagogues have a large hall for prayer (the main sanctuary), and can also have smaller rooms for study and sometimes a social hall and offices. Some have a separate room for Torah study, called the beth midrash - בית מדרש ("House of Study").

Synagogues are consecrated spaces that can be used only for the purpose of prayer; however a synagogue is not necessary for worship. Communal Jewish worship can be carried out wherever ten Jews (a minyan) assemble. The synagogue does not replace the long-since destroyed Temple in Jerusalem.

Israelis use the Hebrew term bet knesset (assembly house). Jews of Ashkenazi descent have traditionally used the Yiddish term "shul" (cognate with the German Schule, school) in everyday speech. Spanish and Portuguese Jews call the synagogue kal or snoga. Persian Jews and Karaite Jews use the term Kenesa, which is derived from Aramaic, and some Arabic-speaking Jews use knis. Some Reform and Conservative Jews use the word "temple".

Jewish quater

In the Jewish diaspora, Jewish quarter was a separate section of a city traditionally inhabited by Jews. They lived in a separate area especially because of social, economic, religious reasons Most common name for Jewish quarter is ghetto This term was originally used in Venice to describe the area where Jews were compelled to live. Jewish quarters, were often the outgrowths of segregated ghettos instituted by the surrounding Christian authorities or in World War Two, the Nazis.

Jewish cemetery

(Hebrew בית עלמין) ("beit alamin" or "beit kvarot") is a cemetery where members of the Jewish faith are buried in keeping with tradition. Known in Hebrew as "house of eternity," the land of the cemetery is considered holy and a special consecration ceremony takes place on its inauguration. Establishing a cemetery is one of the first priorities for a new Jewish community. A Jewish cemetery is generally purchased and supported with communal funds.

Jewish Museum

The mission of the museum is to educate people of all ages and cultures about the broad tapestry of Jewish life through ages. The Jewish Museum is dedicated to the enjoyment, understanding, and preservation of the artistic and cultural heritage of the Jewish people through its exhibitions and related educational programs. Using art and artifacts that embody the diversity of the Jewish experience from ancient to present times, throughout the world, the museums strives to be a source of inspiration and shared human values for people of all religious backgrounds while serving as a special touchstone of identity for Jewish people. Museum also reaches out to national and international communities as it interprets and preserves art and Jewish culture for current and future generations.

Holocaust memorials

These represent the sacred space whose purpose is commemorative, of ritual of remembrance on Jewish victims murdered during World War II. There are thousands of memorial sights around Europe and the world that commemorate Shoa and remember the victims.

Mikveh

Often spelled mikvah, or either way without the ending -"h" (Hebrew: מִקְוֶה or מקווה , Modern Miqve Tiberian Miqwāh; plural: mikva'ot or mikves Hebrew: מִקְוֶוֹת or מִקְוָאות) is a bath used for the purpose of ritual immersion in Judaism. The word "mikveh", as used in the Hebrew Bible, literally means a "collection" – generally, a collection of water.

Jewish old age home

Communal center of care, that provides senior adults with a variety of life enriching programs and services that are accessible, promotes individual dignity, encourages independence, connects them to their community, and reflects the social, cultural, and spiritual values of Jewish tradition. Jewish homes for senior members are founded on the grounds of Jewish tradition, which encompasses respect for elders and responsibility for the welfare of others.

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